As a result, the first agreement on government procurement (the Tokyo Round Government Procurement Code) was signed in 1979 and entered into force in 1981. It was amended in 1987 and entered into force in 1988. The parties then conducted negotiations with a view to extending the scope and scope of the Agreement in parallel with the Uruguay Round. Finally, on 15 April 1994, a new Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA 1994) was signed in Marrakesh at the same time as the Agreement Establishing the WTO, which entered into force on 1 January 1996. The GPA is a plurilateral agreement, which means that it is binding only on WTO Members that are parties and have therefore agreed to be bound by it. It currently has 20 contracting parties, which together have 48 WTO members. These include five new Parties whose respective accessions entered into force after the entry into force of the revised GPA. Accession to the GPA is limited to WTO Members that have expressly signed or subsequently acceded to the GPA. WTO members are not required to join the GPA, but the United States strongly encourages all WTO members to participate in this important agreement. Several countries, including China, Jordan and Moldova, are currently negotiating to join the GPA.
The GPA is a plurilateral agreement within the WTO, which means that not all WTO members are parties to the agreement. Currently, the agreement has 20 parties and 48 WTO members. 36 WTO members/observers participate as observers in the GPA Committee. Of these, 12 members are contributing to the agreement. The agreement was originally introduced in 1979 as the Tokyo Round Code on Government Procurement, which entered into force in 1981 under the auspices of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade.  It was then renegotiated in parallel with the Uruguay Round in 1994, and this version entered into force on 1 January 1996. The agreement was subsequently revised on 30 March 2012. The revised GPA entered into force on 6 July 2014.  The WTO Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA) is a “plurilateral” agreement, meaning that it applies to a number of WTO Members, but not to all Members. In accordance with Article V of the revised GPA, a developing country may negotiate special and differential treatment of developing countries in the accession process, subject to the agreement of the other Parties and the development needs of the acceding Member, in the form of transitional measures such as compensation, preferential price programmes, initially higher thresholds and the gradual introduction of institutions into the accession process. The Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA) is a plurilateral agreement under the auspices of the World Trade Organization (WTO) that regulates the purchase of goods and services by the parties` authorities on the basis of the principles of openness, transparency and non-discrimination.
The following WTO Members are Parties to the 1994 Agreement International intergovernmental organizations are granted observer status in the GPA Committee Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, the Slovak Republic and Slovenia If you have any questions about this Agreement or its use, you can send an e-mail to the Negotiations and Compliance with Trade Agreements, which will send your message to the designated body The Commissioner of the Agreement of the Ministry of Commerce will be forwarded to the Agreement. You can also contact the designated monitoring officer at: WTO members with GPA accession obligations that have not yet begun their accession As a binding international treaty, the GPA is managed by the Committee on Government Procurement, which is composed of representatives of all its parties. .