While the Camp David Accords were negotiated for a few days in the summer of 1978, they are actually the result of several months of diplomatic efforts that began when Jimmy Carter took over the presidency in January 1977, after defeating Gerald Ford. The agreement recognized the “legitimate rights of the Palestinian people” and was to implement a process that would guarantee the full autonomy of the people within five years. Bégin insisted on the adjective “full” to ensure that it was the most accessible political law. This full autonomy should be discussed with the participation of Israel, Egypt, Jordan and the Palestinians. The withdrawal of Israeli troops from the West Bank and Gaza was agreed following the election of an autonomous authority to replace the Israeli military government.  The agreements did not mention the Golan Heights, Syria or Lebanon. It was not the global peace that Kissinger, Ford, Carter or Sadat had in mind during the previous stint as Us president.  It was less clear than the Sinai Accords and was later interpreted differently by Israel, Egypt and the United States. The fate of Jerusalem was deliberately excluded from this agreement.  More importantly, the United Nations never formally accepted the first agreement of the agreements, the “Framework for Middle East Peace,” because it was written without Palestinian representation and participation. Just days after his speech, the two sides began informal and sporadic peace talks that would eventually culminate in the signing of the Camp David Agreement, the first formal agreement between Israel and an Arab nation.
Tensions in the Middle East have continued unabated since the war between Israel and Egypt in 1967. In November 1967, the United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 242. The resolution demanded the withdrawal of Israeli forces from the territories acquired during the war and the end of any claim or state of war between all nations or states in the region. Egypt`s recognition of Israel`s right to a peaceful existence and the return of the country acquired during the Six-Day War remained prerequisites for peace in the region. After the Yom Kippur War in October 1973, the Security Council adopted Resolution 338, which called on the parties to enter into negotiations for a “just and lasting peace”. Nevertheless, Egypt and Israel have reached agreement on a number of previously controversial issues. The resulting Camp David Accords essentially contained two separate agreements. The first, titled “A Framework for Peace in the Middle East,” called for fifty-two U.S.
diplomats and citizens to take hostage for 444 days at the U.S. Embassy in Tehran in the longest recorded hostage situation. The students were supporters of the Iranian revolution and took hostages to protest the US hosting of Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, accused of numerous violent crimes against Iranian citizens. Following several failed rescue attempts, the death of Pahlavi in Egypt and the Iraqi invasion of Iran (beginning of the Iran-Iraq war), Iran was forced to negotiate his release; the crisis ended with the signing of the Algiers Agreement on 20 January 1981. But other parties had their own intentions to accept and support Sadat`s visit to Israel.