The agreement was delivered by U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger during his visit to Moscow in 1972. Kissinger called the initial project a “dangerous, Soviet maneuver that pushes us to give up the use of nuclear weapons, on which the defence of the free world depended… Faced with Soviet superiority over conventional weapons, such an approach would demoralize our allies and deeply worry China, which would see this as a sign of the much-feared collusion between the United States and the Soviet Union… It was strong stuff. We have been asked to dismantle NATO`s military strategy, while proclaiming a virtual U.S. military alliance that aims to impose our will on China or any other country with nuclear ambitions.  Each party undertakes to maintain and improve, as far as it deems necessary, its organizational and technical safeguards against the accidental or unauthorized use of nuclear weapons under its control. Convinced that an agreement on measures to reduce the risk of nuclear war serves the interests of strengthening international peace and security and does not run counter to the interests of another country, the agreement on the prevention of nuclear war was created to reduce the risk of nuclear war between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. The agreement was signed at the Washington Summit on June 22, 1973. The United States and the U.S.S.R. agreed to reduce the threat of nuclear war and end a policy of fighting hostility.
taking into account the devastating consequences of a nuclear war for all humanity and recognising that every effort must be made to avoid the risk of such a war, including safeguards against the accidental or unauthorized use of nuclear weapons, in the event of escalation of threats or nuclear violence by all parties to this agreement, and which , the United States and the Soviet Union will meet immediately to try to solve all problems and avoid nuclear conflicts by any means necessary. In reality, the agreement had little influence, with Henry Kissinger concerned about whether it was worth it and described the result as “useful marginal”.  Where relations between the contracting parties or between one of the contracting parties and other countries appear, at some point, to pose a risk of nuclear conflict, or where relations between countries not parties to this agreement appear to pose a risk of nuclear war between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics or between one party and other countries. , the United States and the Soviet Union consult immediately and urgently, in accordance with this agreement, and strive to avoid this risk. It was seen as a first step in preventing the outbreak of nuclear war or military conflict by adopting an attitude of international cooperation. Contrary to the original Soviet proposal, which Kissinger considered totally unacceptable, the agreed text offered the United States “marginally useful” shelters, not specifically in the area of the prevention of nuclear war, but in the field of Kissinger`s geopolitical realpolitik: according to him, “it would be impossible for the Soviets to intervene either against NATO or in the Middle East without violating the agreement. And that gave us some kind of legal framework to resist a Soviet attack on China.  Nevertheless, Kissinger doubted that the agreement “is worth it.”  Contracting parties undertake to inform each other without delay if unidentified objects are detected by missile warning systems or in the event of failure in these systems or with associated communication devices, where such events may result in the initiation of nuclear war between the two countries.